The physics program consists of 35 credit hours in physics, 18 credit hours in mathematics, 8 credit hours in chemistry, 3 credit hours in biology electives, and 18 credit hours in other electives. 19 credit hours are in free electives, which is enough to complete a minor or second major if you so choose.

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*All courses are 3 credits unless noted.*

**Clarkson Common Experience**

The following courses are required for all students, irrespective of their program of study. These courses are offered during the fall semester, with FY100 First-Year Seminar being required of only first-year students. Both FY100 and UNIV190 are typically taken during the fall semester of the first year at Clarkson.

FY100 First-Year Seminar (1 credit)

UNIV190 The Clarkson Seminar (3 credits)

**Physics Core Requirements**

Students are required to complete the following courses:

*Physics/Chemistry*

- PH121 Physics Freshman Seminar (1 credits)
- PH131 Physics I (4 credits)
- PH132 (Physics II (4 credits)
- PH221 Theoretical Mechanics
- PH231 Fundamentals of Modern Physics
- PH232 Modern Physics Laboratory (1 credits)
- PH325 Thermal Physics
- PH327 Experimental Physics I (1-3 credits)
- PH331 Quantum Physics I
- PH380 Electromagnetic Theory
- CM131 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
- CM132 General Chemistry II (4 credits)

*Professional Experience*

Students are required to complete one of the following Professional Experiences:

PH445 Senior Thesis I

*or* PH478 Directed Research in Experimental Physics

*or* PH479 Directed Research in Theoretical Physics

*or* PH480 Internship/Co-op in Physics

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**Physics Core Electives**

*Physics Electives*

Students must complete at least 12 credits from the following courses:

- Physics (PH) electives 200-level and above

Students must complete one of the following courses:

- PH445 Undergraduate Thesis I (3 credits)
- PH446 Undergraduate Thesis II (3 credits)
- PH470-473 Directed Study Experimental (3 credits)
- PH474-477 Directed Study Theoretical (3 credits)

*Biology Elective*

Students must complete one of the following courses:

- Biology (BY) 3-credit elective

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**Math Courses for Physics**

Students must complete the following four courses:

- MA131 Calculus I
- MA132 Calculus II
- MA231 Calculus III
- MA232 Elementary Differential Equations

*Mathematics*

Students must complete one of the following courses:

- MA331 Fourier Series and Boundary Value Problems
- MA313 Abstract Linear Algebra
- MA339 Applied Linear Algebra

*Statistics*

Students must complete one of the following courses:

- STAT381 Probability
- STAT383 Probability and Statistics

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**Physics Electives**

**Information Technology Elective**

Students must complete 3 credits in information technology electives.

**Technology Elective**

Students must complete 3 credits in technology electives.

**Concentration Electives**

Students must complete 9 credits of concentration electives. All of these must be in one area outside of physics; an area need not be a department. Concentration electives allow students to explore another field of interest outside physics.

**Knowledge Area/University Course Electives**

Students will have at least 15 credit hours available to use toward Knowledge Area and/or University Course electives to satisfy the Clarkson Common Experience requirements.

**Free Electives**

Students will have approximately 19 credit hours available to use toward courses of their choice.