Raj Addepalli is an independent consultant, assisting several clients in energy regulation space in Eastern Europe, Western Africa, and Southeast Asia. He has over 31 years of experience in the US in Utility Regulation. Over 20 of those years was at a senior level, managing all regulated electric, gas, steam, water utility rates and service issues, and in an advisory capacity to decision makers. Led a staff of over 200 professional employees – Engineers, Accountants, Financial Analysts and Policy Analysts – overseeing electric, natural gas, steam and water utilities, as well the Independent System Operator wholesale electric market issues; with over $30 Billion in annual revenues. He testified as an expert witness on issues such as ratemaking, competitive markets, cost of capital, and service quality –before State and Federal regulatory agencies and the State legislature. In the international space, over the last 15 years, he worked with capacity building efforts in utility regulation in numerous countries in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, Black Sea region and Eastern Europe.