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School of Arts & Sciences - Minors

In this Section
Minor in Biology
A minor in Biology is available to students who take at least 19 credit hours in Biology as follows:
Core Courses (9 credits): Students must take BY140 Biology I (3 cr.) and BY160 Biology II (3 cr.) and at least one of the following:
BY214   Genetics (3 cr.)
BY222   Ecology (3 cr.)
BY320   Microbiology (3 cr.)
BY360   Human Physiology (3 cr.)
BY471   Human Anatomy and Physiology I (3 cr.)
BY472   Human Anatomy and Physiology II (3 cr.)
Elective Courses (9 credits): Students must take
at least 9 credits of Biology courses numbered 300 or above.
Laboratory Requirement (1-2 credits): Students
must take at least one of the following laboratory courses:
BY224   Ecology Laboratory (2 cr.)
BY142   Biology II Laboratory (2 cr.)
BY162   Biology II Laboratory (2 cr.)
BY322   Microbiology Laboratory (2 cr.)
BY362   Human Physiology Laboratory (2 cr.)
BY473   Human Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory (2 cr.)
BY474   Human Anatomy and Physiology II Laboratory (2 cr.) 

*Students should consult with the Biology Chair to determine whether AP Biology will satisfy the BY140 and BY160 requirement.

Minor in Biomedical Engineering
Minor in Biomedical Science and Technology

As various fields of medicine and health care increasingly depend upon advances in technology, graduates who possess combined expertise in engineering principles and knowledge of biological sciences at all levels will be in high demand. The minors in Biomedical Engineering and Biomedical Science and Technology enhance opportunities for Clarkson’s students to meet this need. Students can take only one (not both) of the two minors. See description under Interdisciplinary Programs.

Minor in Biophysics
A minor in Biophysics is available to students in any degree program. To obtain a minor, the student must complete the following course requirements:
Biology (9 credits) — 3 courses beyond the freshman level, including Biochemistry I.
Physics (9 credits) — 3 courses beyond the freshman level, including Biophysics or an appropriate replacement.
Chemistry (3 credits) — Organic Chemistry I (prerequisite for Biochemistry I).

Minor in Chemistry
A minor in Chemistry is available to students in any degree program. To obtain a minor, a student must complete the following course requirements.

Category I (9 credits): Category III (3 credits):
CM241 Organic Chemistry I CM371 Physical Chemistry I
CM242 Organic Chemistry II Category IV (3 credits):
CM244 Organic Laboratory I CM312 Survey of Inorganic Chemistry
Category II (6 credits):   or
CM221 Spectroscopy CM460 Biochemistry I
CM223 Spectroscopy Laboratory    

Students may substitute up to six credit hours of undergraduate research (CM391 and CM392) for an equivalent number of credit hours for the courses in Categories II-IV.

Minor in Cognitive Neuroscience
Required Basic Science Courses (29 credits)

PY151 Introduction to Psychology (3 cr.) BY162 Biology II Laboratory (2 cr.)
BY140 Biology I: Inheritance, Evolution and CM131 General Chemistry I (4 cr.)1
  Diversity (3 cr.) CM132 General Chemistry II (4 cr.)1
BY142 Biology I Laboratory (2 cr.) PH141 Physics for Life Sciences I (4 cr.)2
BY160 Biology II: Cellular and Molecular PH142 Physics for Life Sciences II (4 cr.)2
  Biology (3 cr.)    
       
Required Cognitive Neuroscience Courses (9 credits)
PY458 Cognitive Neuroscience (3 cr.)    
BY/PY454 Physiological Psychology3 (3 cr.)    
BY/PY460 Neurobiology (3 cr.)    
       
Elective Psychology Courses: 2 courses (6 credits) chosen from the following:
PY317 Psychology of Psychoactive PY359 Perception (3 cr.)
  Drugs (3 cr.) PY360 Learning and Memory (3 cr.)
BY/PY340 Animal Learning and PY462 Abnormal Psychology (3 cr.)
  Cognition (3 cr.) PY463 Health Psychology (3 cr.) 
PY357 Human Cognitive Evolution    
       
Elective Biology Courses: 2 courses (6 credits) chosen from the following:
BY360 Physiology (3 cr.)    
BY312 Cell Biology (3 cr.)    
BY214 Genetics (3 cr.)    
BY310 Developmental Biology (3 cr.)    
BY350 Comparative Anatomy (3 cr.)    

1CM103/105 and CM104/106 will also satisfy the Chemistry requirement.
2PH131 and PH132 will also satisfy the Physics requirement.
3Biology majors taking the cognitive neuroscience minor cannot use PY/BY454 as one of their Biology elective courses.

Minor in Communication
Clarkson University offers a minor in Communication that is available to all undergraduate students with the exception of Communication majors. Courses used to fulfill the requirements of the minor include writing, speaking, graphic design, and theory. To achieve a minor in Communication, students must achieve a 2.0 grade average in six three-credit courses, distributed in the following fashion:

Students must take one course from each of the four groups below, plus any other two communication courses:

Writing  
COMM210 Theory of Rhetoric for Business, Science and Engineering
COMM220 Writing for New Media
COMM313* Professional Communication
COMM414 Science Writing
COMM428* Public Debate and the Environment: Reading and Writing Environmentally
   
Speaking  
COMM217 Introduction to Public Speaking
COMM417 Business and Professional Speaking
COMM313* Professional Communication
   
Graphic Design  
COMM214           Computer Applications in Media
COMM221 2D Digital Design
COMM320 Photography
COMM327 Digital Video Production I
COMM345 Information Architecture
COMM409 Introduction to Instructional Design
COMM427 Digital Video Production II
COMM440 PHP/My SQL Interactive Design
COMM442 Advanced World Wide Web Interface Design
COMM444 Unix Web System Administration
   
Communication Theory
COMM310 Mass Media and Society
COMM410 Theory and Philosophy of Communication
COMM412 Organizational Communications
COMM426 Gender and Communication
COMM428* Public Debate and the Environment: Reading and Writing Environmentally

* Course may be used for one of two groups but not both.
NOTE: Students may transfer no more than six off-campus credits towards the minor. The chair of the Department of Communication & Media must approve transfer courses.

Minor in Computational Science
The minor in Computational Science and Engineering, or CSE, is available to students in any major. The minor allows students to develop an expertise in CSE while pursuing a conventional major, which provides the context wherein they apply their computational skills. The requirements are:

MA277 Introduction to Computational Science*
MA377 Numerical Methods
At least two of:
MA232 Differential Equations
MA239/339 Elementary/Applied Linear Algebra
STAT282/383 General/Applied Statistics

Application area electives to make a total of 21 credits. (These are computational courses in departments other than Mathematics.)

*MA277 may not be taken after, or concurrent with, MA377. Successful completion of MA377 implies satisfaction of this requirement for the minor in CSE.

Minor in Computer Science
A minor in Computer Science is available to students in almost all degree programs. The requirements for the minor are:

  1. Core courses:
    CS141 Introduction to Computer Science I
    CS142 Introduction to Computer Science II
    MA211 Foundations
    CS344 Algorithms and Data Structures
  2. Electives:
    Three additional CS courses, one numbered 200 or higher, one numbered 300 or higher, and one numbered 400 or higher. Each course must be worth at least three credits. Certain courses cannot be used for the minor and some substitutions are acceptable. Details are available from the Department.
    Exclusion: The Minor in Computer Science is not open to students majoring in Computer Science or Software Engineering.

Minors in Humanities and Social Sciences*
The Department of Humanities and Social Sciences offers minors that consist of a coherent set of five courses beyond the Clarkson Seminar, plus completion of a “Minors Portfolio.” There are three different types of minor: “Thematic Minors,” “Disciplinary Minors,” and “Student-Designed Minors.” Forms for declaring one of these minors are available.
Thematic Minors. These interdisciplinary minors consist of five related humanities and social sciences courses that address a common theme. The currently available thematic minors are:

  1. International and Cross-Cultural Perspectives
  2. Science, Technology and Society
  3. American Studies
  4. Literature and the Arts
  5. War Studies

The list of courses in each of the thematic minors, as well as other information about them, is available from the Chair of Humanities and Social Sciences.

Disciplinary Minors. These minors consist of five courses in one of the disciplinary areas in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, for example, Anthropology, History, Sociology, Literature, Philosophy, and Political Science. A list of disciplinary areas, as well as other information about these minors, is available from the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.

* Courses taken to fulfill requirements for a Humanities/Social Science Minor cannot be used to fulfill requirements for a Humanities and Social Science Major.

Student-Designed Minors
Students propose these minors through the office of the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences to a faculty committee for approval. The proposal lists the courses that a student will take for his or her minor and articulates the coherence among the courses. Students are encouraged to design their minor in collaboration with a faculty advisor in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences. Guidelines for developing and submitting a proposal for a student-designed minor are available from the department office.

Minors Portfolio. Under the guidance of a faculty advisor in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, a student completing one of the above minors will compile a portfolio that represents his or her learning experience in the minor. The portfolio will be completed within the appropriately designated 499, “Humanities/Social Sciences Minor Portfolio,” a zero-credit hour course under the direction of the student’s minor advisor in the department. A student must receive a P in the minor portfolio in order to complete the requirements for the minor. Additional information about the Minors Portfolio is available from the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences office.

* Courses taken to fulfill requirements for a Humanities/Social Science Minor can not be used to fulfill requirements for a Humanities and Social Science Minor.

Minor in Information Technology
A minor in Information Technology is available to students in any degree program. The requirements are 21 credits consisting of:

  1. two courses in problem solving and programming: CS141 or EE261, and CS142 or EE361
  2. one course in computer systems: CS241 or EE360
  3. one course in database administration: IS314*
  4. one course in computer networks: EE407/CS455
  5. two courses concerned with Web technologies and administration: COMM442 and COMM444

* For School of Business Majors for whom IS314 is not a required course, IS211 may be used to fulfill this requirement.

Minor in Mathematics
A minor in Mathematics is available to a student who achieves a 2.0 grade-point average in seven three-credit courses from the following list:

MA131 Calculus I CS345 Automata Theory
MA132 Calculus II CS447 Computer Algorithms
MA211 Foundations CS448 Advanced Algorithms
MA230 3-D Space and CS456 Cryptography
  Projective Geometry CS540 Combinatorics for
MA231 Calculus III   Computer Science
MA232 Elementary Differential CS542 Theory of Computation
  Equations    
MA239 Elem. Linear Algebra    
Any three-credit courses numbered MA/STAT300 or above.

Minor in Physics
A minor in Physics is available to students in any degree program. To obtain a minor, a student must complete the following courses:

PH131 Physics I (4 cr.) One of the following basic courses
PH132 Physics II (4 cr.) (1 credit):
PH231 Fundamentals of Modern PH121 Physics Freshman Seminar
  Physics (3 cr.) PH232 Modern Physics Laboratory
PH221 Theoretical Mechanics (3 cr.) PH435 Physics Seminar
PH331 Quantum Physics I (3 cr.) PH470 Directed Study Experimental
Any two 3-credit Physics courses PH474 Directed Study Theoretical
at the 300-400 level (6 credits).    
These can include:    
PH371 (CM 371) Physical Chemistry I    
PH372 (CM 372) Physical Chemistry II    

Minor in Psychology
A minor in Psychology is available to students in any degree program. To obtain a minor in Psychology, a student must complete six courses, PY151 Introduction to Psychology and five PY courses selected from PY255, PY253, or any PY course numbered 300 or above, only one of which can be a directed research or internship.

Minor in Software Engineering
A minor in Software Engineering is available to students in any degree program. To obtain a minor, a student must complete the following course requirements:

  1. (CS141, CS142, and CS344) or (EE261, EE361, and EE363)
  2. CS242 or EE408
  3. EE368 — must have at least junior status when taking this course
  4. One restricted elective chosen from a list of courses maintained by the Software Engineering Program Committee.
  5. One business course selected from a list of Business School courses maintained by the Software Engineering Program Committee.

Minor in Statistics
A minor in Statistics is available to students in almost all degree programs. The requirements are:
At least 21 credits, distributed as follows.

  1. One calculus course (MA181 or MA131 or equivalent)
  2. One linear algebra course (MA239 or MA339 or equivalent)
  3. One introductory statistics course (STAT282 or STAT383 or equivalent)
  4. A total of at least 12 additional credits from statistics courses or projects including at least two statistics courses, or projects, from departments other than Mathematics and Computer Science. (The current list of approved courses is maintained by the Mathematics and Computer Science Department.)

Exclusion: Applied Mathematics and Statistics majors, and majors in Mathematics (Statistics option) are excluded from this minor.

Knight