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Program Chair: Edward Moczydlowski

Biology is the study of life in all of its unique forms and complexity. Modern biology spans numerous research areas that explore the diversity of life at multiple levels of organization:  molecules, cells, organ systems, species, ecosystems, and biosphere. The foundation of the Biology Program is a core curriculum of interactive classroom and laboratory experiences covering fundamental knowledge in biodiversity, cellular and molecular biology, genetics, microbiology, anatomy, physiology, and ecology. Biology majors typically pursue career paths in biotechnology, ecology and environmental science, or health-related professions.

The course curriculum for the Biology Major is designed to realize the following learning outcomes:

  • Achieve proficiency in biology by mastering the core knowledge of the discipline and specializing in one or more subfields of the life sciences.
  • Acquire scientific skills through inquiry-based laboratories and practical learning experiences that include the opportunity for directed study and thesis research guided by a professor.
  • Develop the ability to think critically and solve problems though exposure to quantitative laboratory- and field-based research, primary research literature, and the history of biological science.
  • Learn how to use appropriate technology, methodology and informational tools that accelerate progress in the workplace such as computer software, bioinformatics, genetic engineering, cell culture, microscopy, etc.
  • Master oral and written communication skills essential for work in all fields of biology and the health professions.
  • Develop social skills of interpersonal interaction including an awareness and appreciation of cultural diversity that enhances progress and enriches the pursuit of scientific endeavors.
  • Gain strong appreciation of the importance of professional ethical behavior in society and the workplace.
  • Obtain insight to current issues of bioethical concern ranging from preservation of global biodiversity to the improvement of human health through modern advances in biotechnology.
  • Learn about career opportunities in the life sciences in preparation for seeking professional employment after graduation.

Upper-level Biology majors choose from a variety of elective courses that build upon fundamental principles and allow students to explore areas of personal interest. We encourage students to complement a program of bioscience courses drawn from research and teaching strengths of the department with relevant courses in other basic sciences, mathematics, engineering, business, and humanities. Students may also take advantage of courses offered through the Associated Colleges Program to broaden their educational experience. The large array of choices in biological sciences can be used to tailor a customized career plan leading to graduate school or a professional degree program. Students interested in a more specialized background may consider interdisciplinary studies in chemistry, biomolecular engineering, mathematics, physics, psychology, environmental engineering, environmental science and policy, and environmental and occupational health.

Specific course requirements of the Biology Major are listed below, along with a suggested schedule. Students are guided throughout the year with personal advising and mentoring by Biology faculty members. Undergraduate participation in basic or applied research is highly encouraged and available through work in faculty laboratories, the senior thesis, summer research programs, and internships.

REQUIREMENTS
Areas of Study Credit Hours
Biology 42
Professional Experience in Biology 1-3
Chemistry 17-19
Physics 8
Mathematics and Computer Science 9
Knowledge Area/UC Courses 15
Technology Course 3
The Clarkson Seminar 3
First-Year Seminar 1
Free Electives 17-21
Total 120


Biology Sample Curriculum
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FIRST YEAR
First Semester   Second Semester
Course Title Cr. Hrs.   Course Title Cr. Hrs.
BY140 Biology I
3
  BY160 Biology II
3
BY142 Biology I Lab
2
  BY162 Biology II Lab
2
CM103 Structure & Bonding
3
  CM104 Equilibrium & Dynamics
3
CM105 Chemistry Lab I
2
  CM106 Chemistry Lab II
2
MA131 Calculus I (or MA180 Intro. College Math.)
3
  MA132 Calculus II (or MA181 Basic Calculus)
3
UNIV190 Clarkson Seminar
3
    KA Elective
3
FY100 First-Year Seminar
1
     
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    line      
16
    17        
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SOPHOMORE YEAR
First Semester   Second Semester
Course Title Cr. Hrs.   Course Title Cr. Hrs.
BY350 Comparative Anatomy (or BY222 Ecology)
3
  BY214 Genetics
3
BY352 Comparative Anatomy Lab (or BY224 Ecology Lab)
2
  CM242 Organic Chemistry II
3
CM241 Organic Chemistry I
3
  CM244 Organic Chemistry Lab II
3
PH131 Physics I (or PH141 Physics for Life Science I)
4
  KA/UC Elective
3
STAT383 Applied Statistics I (or STAT282 General Statistics)
3
  PH132 Physics II (or PH142 Physics for Life Science II)

4

   
line
   
line
   
15
     

 16

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JUNIOR YEAR
First Semester   Second Semester
Course Title Cr. Hrs.   Course Title Cr. Hrs.
  Biology Electives
6
  BY320 Microbiology
3
  KA/UC Elective
3
  BY322 Microbiology Lab
2
  Free Electives
6
    Biology Elective
3
BY422 Undergrad Bio. Seminar
1
    Technology Elective
3
    line     Free Elective
3
   
16
     
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14
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SENIOR YEAR
First Semester   Second Semester
Course Title Cr. Hrs.   Course Title Cr. Hrs.
  Biology Elective
3
    Biology Electives
6
  KA/UC Elective
3
    KA/UC Elective
3
  Free Electives
6
    Free Electives

6

  Prof. Exp. in Biology
1
     
line
   
line
     

15

   
13
       

Students in the Class of 2010 and later — see Academic Requirements for details of the Clarkson Common Experience including the First-Year Seminar, the Clarkson Seminar, Knowledge Area (KA) courses, University Courses (UC), and related requirements.

Core Biology Courses (23 credits)
These courses are required for all biology majors:
BY140 Biology I: Inheritance, Evolution and Diversity (3 cr.)
BY142 Biology I Laboratory (2 cr.)
BY160 Biology II: Cell and Molecular Biology (3 cr.)
BY162 Biology II Laboratory (2 cr.)
BY214 Genetics (3 cr.)
BY422 Undergraduate Seminar (1 cr.)
BY405, Professional Experience Requirement (1-3 cr.)
BY410,  
BY495,  
BY498,  
or BY499  
 
Students must take two of the following lecture-laboratory courses:
BY222 General Ecology and BY224 General Ecology Laboratory (5 cr.)
BY320 Microbiology and BY322 Microbiology Laboratory (5 cr.)
BY350 Comparative Anatomy and BY352 Comparative Anatomy Laboratory (5 cr.)
BY360 Physiology and BY362 Physiology Laboratory (5 cr.)
BY471  Human Anatomy & Physiology I and BY473 Laboratory (5 cr.)
BY472 Human Anatomy & Physiology II and BY474 Laboratory (5 cr.)
 
Professional Specializations
BIOLOGY ELECTIVES: (18 credits) Students must complete 18 credits of biology electives,
examples of which are given below.
 
 

Health-related biology electives:

  Molecular biology-related biology electives: 
BY310 Developmental   BY312 Advanced Cell
Biology (3 cr.)     Biology (3 cr.)
BY312 Advanced Cell   BY314 Bioinformatics 
  Biology (3 cr.)     (4 cr.)
BY350 Comparative   BY412 Molecular Biology
  Anatomy (3 cr.)   Laboratory (4 cr.)
BY352 Comparative   BY420 Evolution (3 cr.)
  Anatomy Lab   BY426 Introduction to
  (2 cr.)   Biophysics (3 cr.)
BY358 Animal Learning   BY450 Biochemistry I
  & Cognition (3 cr.)     (3 cr.)
BY360 Human Physiology   BY451     Biochemistry II
  (3 cr.)     (3 cr.)
BY362 Human Physiology   BY470 Biochemistry and
  Lab (2 cr.)   Biotechnology
BY416 Principles of     Laboratory (3 cr.)
  Toxicology and    
  Epidemiology (3 cr.)   General biology electives: 
BY444 Medicinal Chemistry   BY300 Advances in Biology
  (3 cr.)     Research (1 cr.)
BY452 Pharmacology   BY422 Undergraduate
  (3 cr.)   Seminar (1 cr.)
BY454 Physiological   BY476 Current Topics in
  Psychology (3 cr.)   Biology and Medicine
BY455 Cell and Molecular   (3 cr.)
  Biology of Cancer   BY400    Directed Study in
  (3 cr.)   Bioscience
BY458 Cognitive     (1 - 4 cr.)
  Neuroscience (3 cr.)      
BY460 Neurobiology (3 cr.)   Professional experience (variable credit):
BY471 Human Anatomy &   courses
  Physiology I (3 cr.)   BY405  Undergraduate
BY472 Human Anatomy &     Research in
  Physiology II (3 cr.)     Bioscience (1-4 cr.)
BY473 Human Anatomy &   BY410 Undergraduate
  Physiology I Lab     Thesis in Bioscience
  (2 cr.)     (4-6 cr.)
BY474 Human Anatomy &   BY495 Undergraduate
  Physiology II Lab     Teaching
  (2 cr.)     Assistantship in
BY476 Current Topics in     Bioscience (1-3 cr.)
  Biology and   BY498 Internship in
  Medicine (3 cr.)     Bioscience (1-3 cr.)
      BY499 Professional
Environment-related biology electives:   Experience in
BY280 Environmental   Bioscience (1-3 cr.)
  Science (3 cr.)    
BY302 Introductory    
  Botany (4 cr.)    
BY328 Conservation      
  Biology (3 cr.)      
BY340 Behavioral      
  Ecology (3 cr.)      
BY420 Evolution (3 cr.)      
BY425 Biological Systems      
  & Environmental      
  Change (3 cr.)      
BY431 Limnology (4 cr.)