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Drug Uses & Effects

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Drug Free Schools Act — Controlled Substances - Uses & Effects

Full Drug Free Schools Act Memo (.pdf 77 KB)


Narcotics

  • Possible Effects - Euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory epression, constricted pupils, nausea
  • Effects of Overdose - Slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, possible death
  • Withdrawal Symptoms - Watery eyes, runny nose, yawning, loss of appetite, irritability, tremors, panic, cramps, nausea, chills and sweating
Drugs CSA Schedule Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (Hours) Usual Methods of Administration
Opium Dover's Powder, Paregoric Analgesic, antidiarrheal High High Yes 3 to 6 Oral, smoked
  Parepectolin            
Morphine Morphine, MS-Contin Analgesic, antitussive High High Yes 3 to 6 Oral, smoked, injected
  Roxanol, Roxanol-SR            
Codeine Tylenol w/Codeine, Empirin W/Codeine Analgesic, antitussive Moderate Moderate Yes 3 to 6 Oral, injected
  Robitussan A-C, Florinal W/Codeine            
Heroin Diacetylmorphine None High High Yes 3 to 6 Injected, sniffed, smoked
  Horse, smack            
Hydromophone Dilaudid Analgesic High High Yes 3 to 6 Oral, injected
Meperidine (Pethidine) Demerol, Mepergan Analgesic High High Yes 3 to 6 Oral, injected
Methadone Dolophine, Methadone Analgesic High High-low Yes 12 to 24 Oral, injected
Other Narcotics Numorphan, Percoden, Percocat, Tylax, Analgesic, antidiarrheal High-low High-low Yes Variable Oral, injected
  Tussionex, Fentanyl, Daryon, Lomoil, Taiwin Antitussive          


Depressants

  • Possible Effects - Slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without odor of alcohol
  • Effects of Overdose - Shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak & rapid pulse, coma, possible death
  • Withdrawal Symptoms - Anxiety, insomnia, tremors, panic, delirium, convulsions, possible death
Drugs CSA Schedule Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (Hours) Usual Methods of Administration
Chloral Hydrate Noctec Hypnotic Moderate Moderate Yes 5 to 8 Oral
Barbiturates Amytal, Butisol, Fiorinal, Lotusate, Tuinal Anesthetic, anticonvulsant High-Moderate High-Moderate Yes 1 to 16 Oral
  Nernbutal, Seconal, Phenobarbital, Serax Sedative, hypnotic, veterinary          
    Authanssia agent          
Benzodiazepines Ativan, Dolman, Diazepam, Librium, Xanax, Antianxiety, anticonvulsant Low Low Yes 4 to 8 Oral
  Valium, Tranaxe, Verstran, Versed, Haloion, Sedative, hypnotic          
  Paxpen, Restoni            
Methaqualone Quaalude Sedative, hypnotic High High Yes 4 to 8 Oral
Glutethimide Doriden Sedative, hypnotic High Moderate Yes 4 to 8 Oral
Other Depressants Eqanil, Milown, Noluder, Placidly, Valmid Antianxiety, sedative, hypnotic Moderate Moderate Yes 4 to 8 Oral


Stimulants

  • Possible Effects - Increased alertness, exitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate & blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite
  • Effects of Overdose - Agitation, increase in body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death
  • Withdrawal Symptoms - Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, disorientation
Drugs CSA Schedule Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (Hours) Usual Methods of Administration
Cocaine Coke, Flake, Snow, Crack Local anesthetic Possible High Yes 1 to 2 Sniffed, smoked, injected
Amphetamines Biphetamine, Delcobase, Desxyn, Attention deficit disorders, neurology Possible High Yes 2 to 4 Oral, injected
  Dexedrine, obetrol Weight control          
Phenmetrazine Preludin Weight control Possible High Yes 2 to 4 Oral, injected
Methylphenidate Ritalin Attention deficit disorder, neurology Possible Moderate Yes 2 to 4 Oral, injected
Other Stimulants Adipex, Cylert, Didrex, Ionerrin, Mellat, Weight control Possible High Yes 2 to 4 Oral, injected
  Plegina, Sanorex, Tenuate, Taparil, Prelu-2            


Hallucinogens

  • Possible Effects - Illusions and hallucinations, poor perception of time and distance
  • Effects of Overdose - Longer, more intense "trip" episodes, psychosis, possible death
  • Withdrawal Symptoms - Withdrawal syndrome not reported
Drugs CSA Schedule Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (Hours) Usual Methods of Administration
LSD Acid, Microdot None None Unknown Yes 8 to 12 Oral
Mescaline and Peyote Mexc, Buttons, Cactus None None Unknown Yes 8 to 12 Oral
Amphetamine Variants 2.5 - DMA, PMA, STP, MDA, None Unknown Unknown Yes Variable Oral, injected
  MDMA, TMA, DOM, DOB            
Phenycidine PCP, Angel Dust, Hog None Unknown High Yes Days Smoked, oral, injected
Phencydidline Analogues PCE, PCPy, TCP None Unknown High Yes Days Smoked, oral, injected
Other Hallucinogens Bufotenine, Iboganine, DMT, None None Unknown Possible Variable Smoked, oral, injected
  DET, Psilocybin, Psilocin           Sniffed


Cannabis

  • Possible Effects - Euphoria, relaxed inhibition, increased appetite, disoriented behavior
  • Effects of Overdose - Fatigue, paranoia, possible psychosis
  • Withdrawal Symptoms - Insomnia, hyperactivity, and decreased appetite occasionally reported
Drugs CSA Schedule Trade or Other Names Medical Uses Physical Psychological Tolerance Duration (Hours) Usual Methods of Administration
Marijuana Pot, Acapulco Gold, Grass, Reefer, None Unknown Moderate Yes 2 to 4 Smoked, oral
  Sinsemilla, Thai Sticks Cancer, chemotherapy          
Tetrahydrocannabinol THC, Marinal Antinaussant Unknown Moderate Yes 2 to 4 Smoked, oral
Hashish Hash None Unknown Moderate Yes 2 to 4 Smoked, oral
Hashish Oil Hash Oil None Unknown Moderate Yes 2 to 4 Smoked, oral