CAMP Annual Report: Page 8
Chemistry and Biomolecular Science Professor Silvana Andreescu is currently working on biosensors for environmental and clinical monitoring. Examples include implantable enzyme microbiosensors for in vivo and in vitro monitoring of neurological activity for dopamine, serotonin, glutamate, lactate, glucose and reactive oxygen species for applications in neurobiology and ischemia sensing. In a collaborative project with Professor Phillip Christiansen, funded by NYSERDA, she is also investigating the production of the fuel ethanol based on five-carbon sugars from hemicellulose (Figure 3). The technology utilizes encapsulated yeast and enzyme (Figure 4) in the fermentation (and potentially hydrolysis) processes of cellulosic materials to ethanol to enhance lifespan and durability of the enzymes. These capsules are stable to ambient conditions, provide opportunities to conduct continuous-flow processes, and are reusable and environmentally benign. A full patent application on this technology was submitted in June 2008.
|Figure 3. Mechanism for ethanol production from five and six carbon sugars.||Figure 4. Polymeric microcapsules with encapsulated yeast and enzyme (optical images of intact capsules and magnification of a cross section of a capsule shell).|
Nanomechanics and Nanomaterials
Professor Weiqiang Ding's research interests are in the fields of nanomaterials and nanocomposites. His work focuses on nanomaterial synthesis, nanomaterial mechanics, micro/nano-scale adhesion, and polymer nanocomposites fabrication and characterization. One ongoing project in Professor Ding's Nanomechanics and Nanomaterials Laboratory is the investigation of the adhesion properties of additive-coated chemical toner particles. With two custom-built nanomanipulation systems, the surface interactions between toner particles and flat substrates are experimentally explored, in both ambient and vacuum environments. His group is also working on one-dimensional carbide nanostructure synthesis/characterization, and cellulose nanofiber-reinforced polymer composites fabrication and characterization.Nanomaterials and Instrumentation
Professor Suresh Dhaniyala, of the Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering at Clarkson University, has research interests in the fields of aerosol physics and atmospheric aerosol measurements. More specifically, his research activities include nano-aerosol generation and characterization, particle instrumentation development, nanoparticle-fabric interactions, and filtration. Professor Dhaniyala and his group recently developed a new instrument that can provide real-time size distribution of particles with a particle diameter detection range of 1.6-500 nm. New tools are also being designed for personal sampling and large scale ambient monitoring of ambient aerosol particles, for fast sizing of nano-aerosol, and for the generation of focused nano-aerosol beams. The development of these techniques will help improve the characterization of airborne particles and their transformation processes in a range of environments. Funding sources for these projects include the NSF, NYSERDA, NASA, the US Navy, and the EPA.
CAMP's Dr. Dana Barry Receives APEX 2009 Award and Coauthors Science Book
Dr. Dana M. Barry, senior technical writer and editor at Clarkson University's Center for Advanced Materials Processing (CAMP), received an APEX 2009 Award for Publication Excellence from Communications Concepts Inc. in Springfield, Va. This is the 14th consecutive time that she has won this award, which is based on editorial content and overall communications effectiveness and excellence. Her winning entry, the "CAMP Annual Report Newsletter 2007-2008," faired extremely well in the exceptionally intense competition. There were about 3,800 entries in the competition and 1,158 Awards of Excellence were distributed in 122 subcategories of 11 major areas.
Dr. Barry (Scientific Board President for Ansted University) also served as the lead author of a science book published in Japan. The book, which is a second edition, is titled Science Fair Fun in Japan and published by Gendai Tosho of Japan (2009). Barry's coauthors are Professors Hideyuki Kanematsu and Tatsumasa Kobayashi of Suzuka National College of Technology, Japan.
CAMP's Educational Outreach Activities
CAMP's educational outreach activities are coordinated and directed by Senior University Professor Richard Partch. They include the second year of CAMP's Pre-frosh Summer Research Experience for six entering freshmen, and a Junior-level Honors course. This class is designed to teach students how professionals select a topic to research and how they write a full proposal to submit for funding review. In addition, research area topics in progress at CAMP were briefly presented and described by ten CAMP professors.